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Solids and cavities – contrasting effects in baroque architecture

Björn Lundell

The project is based on the baroque architecture and the architectural concepts of solids and cavities, light and darkness.
Many of the Italian Baroque architects started as artists or craftsmen (eg, Vignola, Borromini and Michelangelo) and it came to characterize their work as architects.
In addition to functional aspects in architecture, Baroque architects worked extensively with the appearance. The expression in architecture was given a central role. Baroque architects placed great importance on how the buildings appeared in the city or in the countryside. Baroque architecture can be seen as a form of visual art.
In architecture solids and cavities, light and darkness are set in relation to each other to create different effects. Relationships that are determined by the walls, light openings, pillars, arches, concave surfaces, convex surfaces, niches, pilasters and cornices are designed and arranged. A game with light and darkness (shadow) both inside and on the facades. It's all about scale and design. From relief to sculpture. From sculpture to room. Light and darkness. Open and closed. Baroque architecture offers interesting examples.
By studying a number of baroque buildings based on the concepts above, the aim is to get a sense and sensibility of how the dimensions and shapes affect a building's expression, both exterior and interior. It is also about exploring how baroque buildings, with their focus on appearance and expression, can serve as inspiration for contemporary architecture.

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